Prejudiced thoughts, attitudes and/or discriminatory actions based on differences in physical, mental and/or emotional ability.

Ableism is belief system that sees persons with disabilities as being less worthy of respect and consideration, less able to contribute and participate, or of less inherent value than others. It may be conscious or unconscious, and may be embedded in institutions, systems or the broader culture of a society.

Ableism may take the form of improper treatment of people with disabilities, denial of access, or rejection of disabled applicants for housing and jobs. It can limit the opportunities of persons with disabilities and reduce their inclusion in the life of their communities.

It may also be referred to as disability discrimination, able-centrism or disability oppression.

References: Disability glossary, The Diversity Style Guide 2021, and CRRF Glossary of Terms. Canadian Race Relations Foundation (2015).